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佛山2019年10月自考【基础英语】自考真题(六)

2019-12-31 16:30 来源: 佛山自考网 历年真题
 
 
四、阅读理解:本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分。
 
本部分有两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,每个问题有四个选项,请选择-一个最佳答案,
 
并将答题卡(纸)的相应代码涂黑。错涂、多涂或未涂均无分。
 
Passage 1
 
Gongle was the fist seanch engine that began considering the importance of links. Links are
 
those bHlue underlined words that take you to other pages when you elick on them. Larry Page,
 
cofounder of Google, believed that webeites with many linke pointing al them were more important
 
than those that had few. He was right.. Coogle's search results were much better than the other
 
companies. They would s00 become the world's most used search engine.
 
It wasn't just the great search resuls that led to Google beoming s0 sucessful. Another reason
 
behind their success was the way that they presented their product. Most of the other search engines
 
were cuttrered(杂乱的). Their home pages were flel with every thing from news stories to stock
 
quotes. But Google's homepage was, and sill i, clean. Them's nothing on it but the logo, the
 
search box, and a few links. It almost appears empty. In fact, when they wee first testing it, users
 
would wait at the home page and not do anything. When asked why, they said that they were,
 
“waiting for the rest of the page to load. " People couldr't imagine such a clean and open page幽
 
being complete. But people pefered the fesh design once they got used to it.
 
These days Google has its hands in everything from sel-driving cas to helping humans live
 
longer. Though they have many other popular products, they will always be best known for their
 
search engine. The Google search engine has changed our lives and our language. Not only is it a
 
great product, it is a standing exmple that one good idea (and a lot of hard work) can change the
 
world.
 
56. Which statement would the author of this text most likely DSAGREE with?
 
A. Part of Google's success is related to the design of their homepage.
 
B. Google's best known product is their search engine.
 
C. Google succeeded by fllowing examples of ohers in considering links.
 
D. Google's success may not have been possile without Lary Page.
 
57. Why did the users wait and not do anything when Googe's homepage was first tested?
 
A. Because they did not know how to use the search engine.
 
B. Because they thought it was not a complete homepage.
 
C. Because they couldn't find the search box.
 
D. Because they were interested in the news stories on the homepage.
 
58. Which is NOT cited as a reason why Google becomes s0 popular?
 
A. Google's homepage was cdean.
 
B. Googe's search results are better than their rivals.
 
C. Google's homepage louds quickly.
 
D. Google is a standing ex ample to show the importance of good idea.
 
59. Acording to the context, the underlined phrase "has its hands in"means
 
____".
 
A. coperates with other companies in
 
B. is sucesful in
 
C. ties to help others in
 
D. gets involved in
 
60. Which of the ollowring is the best title for the text?
 
A. A Better Way: How Google Rose to the Top
 
B. Search Engines: How They Work
 
C. Search Engines: Battle of the Titans
 
D. Search Engines: A Short History of Important Tools
 
Passage2
 
Have you ever heard people say that theyre “roughing it" while going ca mping? Certainly the
 
challenges people face in the wild ae di ferent from those they have to deal with at home. But most
 
campers enjoy places where they might experience nature and leave modern life behind for weeks.
 
In some situations, however, people do not choose to be in the wilderness. Instead, they are
 
forced to be there by aceident and have to try to survive.
 
A plane crash in 1971 frced a seventeen-year-old Juliane Koepeke to walk through the
 
rainforest in search of help. She was the only survivor of the crash and had no survival tmaining or
 
tools. But when she found a river, she fllowved it and walked along it for days. Finally, she found
 
a canoe (独木舟)and a shelter. Soon after, she was rescued.
 
In 2014, nine-year-old cousins Tommy and Zack and their aunt Alison lhst their direction
 
drifting in the bad weather. Alison tied their canoes together and drifted several miles west. They
 
were rescued the fllowing day. Their decision to stay in their boats may have saved their lives.
 
They stayed wamer than they would have if they had elimbed out to pull the canoes to dry land.
 
These stories are just a few of the many about people surviving in the wild. However, not all
 
stories have happy endings. To raise the odds that all will end well, rescuers advise people to
 
remain calm, use resources to stay wam, find or make clean water, find food, and signal for
 
rescue. Fach of these actions can save lives.
 
61. What does the phrase”roughing it" in the first paragraph mean?
 
A. living in trrible conditions with many disappointments
 
B. living in a place as a permanent resident, not 的a tourist
 
C. living without many of the items that bring some comfort
 
D. living alone with litle pprtunity to communicate with other people
 
62. Which of the fllowing statements would the author most likely agnee with?
 
A. It is possible to avoid wildemess survival situatins.
 
B. Always carry suvival tools in case of an emergency.
 
C. It isa good idea to learn hasie suvival skills.
 
D. When lost, people should stay where they ae and wait for rescue.
 
63. By staying in their boats, what were Alion and the two childen able to do?
 
A. Signal for rescue.
 
B. Stay warm and dry at night.
 
C. Drift futher from land.
 
D. Walk to dry land.
 
64. In what way were the survivors in the two stories similar?
 
A. They benefited from survival training.
 
B. They stayed where they were and si gnaled for rescue.
 
C. They used av ailable resourcese to take shelter and stay warm.
 
D. They took time to gather food and locate clean water.
 
65. Aoording to the context, the underlined word“odds" means
 
A. benefts
 
B. dumages
 
C. dificulties
 
D. probabilities
 
非选择题部分
 
注意事项:
 
用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。
 
五、单词或短语的英汉互译:本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分。
 
(-)将下列词语译成中文(5分)
 
66. trade gap
 
67. a densely populated eity
 
68. comparative advantage
 
69. harness. solar power
 
70. ompenesation tmde
 
(二)将下列词语译成英文(5分)
 
71.失去领先地位
 
72.商业银行
 
73.重置成本
 
74.所得税
 
75.摆设商品的位置
 
六,英汉句子互译:本大题共4小题,共15分。
 
(一)将下列句子译成中文(8分)
 
76. Men's knowedge of metals has been a very important aid to mastering his environment. (4分)
 
77. Very early in histony , rich and poor people alike were wearing wool clohes. (4 分)
 
(二)将下列句子译成英文(7分)
 
78.我们说服了经理改变计划。(3分)
 
79.他急于找有关人员谈谈,试图找出解决问题的办法。(4分)





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